Text to Paris.  17th cent.  slides

 

 

4 different kind of coaches in France

post chaises, ( of English origin, had suspension)  but only 2 to 3 passenger seats (coupe type, front seems cut-away)  in England, one postillion riding one of the two horses,  post meaning renting,  problem to deal with postillion, had to bribe them to do their job.  13 1/2 post stations between Calais and Paris

 

the carosse or stage-coach 6 passengers,

 

 the coche has 16 passengers with wicker baskets at the front and at the back - sometimes passenger sitting in the wicker basket, slow and jumbling, about half the cost of the post chaises 

 

and the diligence or flying coach, public coach, could cover a hundred miles a day.

But not hung on springs until the last quarter of the 18th.  similar to the carosse but travelling faster.  (Paris to Lyons, Paris to Brussels)  rested upon large things of leather, fasted to heavy blocks of wood, instead of springs

 

travelling from post station to post station with ca 2 leagues in between, six miles

 

Beggars, Roman catholicism, pilgrims, monks, nuns

 

 

Nugent suggests order of things to look at

 

Palais Royal,  three days, to see the collection of paintings

Hotel d’Antin

Hotel de Toulouse

Palace of the Tuilleries

Louvre

Place Vendome

Place des Victoires

pumps and other water-works on the Pont Neuf

St. Eustache

St. Roche

Library of the little fathers in the place des Victoires

Hotel de Maine

Bourbon Palace

S. Anthony quarter:

Hotel de Villle, S. Gervais,

Place Royale

Arselan

Bastille

gate of S. Antoine

Marais:

Temple, Hotel de Soubize

gates of S. Martin and S. Denis

Invalids

St. Gerrmain de Pre, and library

St. Sulpice not yet finished

Hotels de Verrue, de Villard, de Roquelaure

hospital for mad people,  les petits maisons

Carmelites church

Palace of Luxemburg

Carthusian  monastery near Luxembourg

Faubourg St. Jacques,  Church of the Carmelite nuns

Church of the Feuillantines

Val de Grace

Faubourg S. Marce, 

Gobelins

Bicestre hospital, hospital general

University

St. Genevieve and library

S. Etienne du Mont

S. Nicholas du Chardonets

S. Victor abbey and library

Sorbonne

Hotel Dieu,  foundling hospital

Palais de Justice

Sante Chapelle

 

 

Addition:

 

Voltaire  Salon,  his play “Orphelin de la Chine” was read by actor Lekain  in the Salon of Mme Geoffrin

Gibbon liked her Salons

 

Dr. Johnson had an elaborate sight-seeing list for Paris

Included seeing royal family dining, but by then only in the royal chapel

 

Gobelins tapestry Factory

Porcelain works at Sevres

 

Dining with Marquis and a Count and Benedictine monks

Statue of Louis XIV in the Place de Vendome

 

Courts of justice

Natural museum of the King’s cabinet

Ecole Militaire

Observatoire

 

20 theatres,  comic opera in the theatre Italien

Opera and ballets

Gambling, caffees,

 

 

 

Invalides built for Louis XIV between 1671-1676

In the course of the 18th cent. embellished and enlarged: Seventeen courtyards some ten miles of corridors and galleries, Leral Bruant by (and finished by Jules Hardouin Mansart.?)

The south side a church dedicated to San Louis,(1671-76)  also for the war veterans, flags from enemy suspended above the nave.  See photo, notice classicism.

In 1676  Hardouin Mansart was commissioned to build a choir for religious celebrations for the court.  This was the origin of the Dome, which became the Son King’s private chapel.

Magnificent dome has trophies and garlands, and lantern. 

Notice inside:  the high altar, 1676-1706,  a copy of Bernini’s baldachin???

 

 

Esplanade in front of the majestic dome built from 1704 10 1720, lime trees and lawns, garden behind the building, rows of cannons on either side of the entrance.